Amnesty International is a worldwide movement of people dedicated to the protection and promotion of human rights.
Amnesty International was founded in 1961 by British lawyer Peter Benenson. He became angry after reading a report about two Portuguese students who had been imprisoned for raising their glasses in a toast to freedom. In response, Benenson published an article – The Forgotten Prisoners – on the front page of the London Observer newspaper on May 28, 1961. The article cast the light of public attention on the situation of a number of people – including a U.S. civil rights leader, a dissident Hungarian cardinal and an Angolan poet.